U.S. Post : the surprise guest of the November 2020 U.S. election
The US Post office has been experiencing large deficits for many years, over 240 billion USD over the last 20 years and the number of employees
has dropped from 800,000 in 2000 to less than 500,000 employees in 2019.
This giant of the mail distribution in the USA, created in 1775 and which even had Benjamin Franklin as a chief executive director, has always been there to deliver letters to American soldiers in all the conflicts that the American nation has known over the last two centuries.
This giant, witness to all the significant events of American families has
gradually sunk into trouble. It owns the largest civilian vehicle fleet worldwide, with 214,933 vehicles at the end of 2015, the majority of which are easily recognizable as the GRUMMAN LLV (Long-Life Vehicle) or the most recent Ford /Utilimaster FFV (Flex Fuel Vehicle ). In 2008, an official member of the USPS indicated that for every cent of increase in the price of gasoline by the GALLON (4.4 liters) the USPS spends an additional $8 million on fuel for its fleet and that the projected fuel budget for this year was more than $2 billion. Some rural transporters use their own vehicles. Postal vehicles do not have licence plates; they are identified by a seven-digit number on the front and back of the car.
This legendary field force has turned into a financial abyss.
The cause of this disaster is the change in mail delivery and the emergence of powerful express courier distribution such as FedEx, UPS, or DHL, which have changed the USA's mail distribution habits.
The Internet market has entirely and definitively knocked out this seemingly unbeatable giant; furthermore, agreements poorly negotiated with Amazon have accentuated the abyssal losses and damaged USPS's future.
In 2017, President Trump criticized the agreements between Amazon and the USPS, pointing out that these contracts signed between Amazon and USPS, saying that it might have enriched Amazon but ruined the USPS and that it was urgent to react.
The COVID-19 crisis has darkened this already gloomy picture, as thousands of employees caught the virus and were unable to work and deliver the mail. Several tens of thousands of customers receive their mail weeks late at best, while others don't receive it all as it is no longer delivered and sometimes lost.
The USPS now plays a political role because even with the virus's crisis, the Democratic Party does not wish to postpone the presidential elections of November 2020 , although President Trump clearly announces that the Presidential elections cannot be held using a mail.
It is clear that due to USPS's current circumstances, the latter is not in a position to offer all the necessary guarantees for the election of the future American President. The USPS current difficulties, associated with the resurgence of the pandemic, will lead to issues that political candidates will use to annul the election of the chosen President in November 2020.