Jessica Adams – C19 Tamar news
Not surprisingly, of the 10 American presidents with the highest IQs, nearly 60% are 19th and 20th century presidents, who helped the US become the world’s leading power.
10 . Chester Arthur 152.3
Term of office from 19 September 1881 to 4 March 1885 : republican
“It would have been difficult to do better than Chester Arthur” wrote the writer Mark Twain about Chester Arthur’s presidency
A lawyer, former customs collector at the Port of New York and Garfield’s vice-president, he became president on Garfield’s death. His term was marked by the implementation of civil service reform establishing recruitment and promotion on the basis of competence alone (spoils system reform) and by the end of the conquest of the West. He was ill with kidney disease and did not stand for election in 1884.
His IQ was quite high, and he was 2.3 points ahead of Franklin Roosevelt.
9. James A. Garfield 152,3
Term: 4 March 1881 – 19 September 1881 – Republican
James A. Garfield was one of the shortest serving presidents in history after John Tyler. Elected in an election seen as a referendum on easing the terms of Reconstruction of the Southern States, he attempted to organise an international conference of the States of America, but after his first six months in office was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau. Garfield was a man of great potential and kindness in spades. Before he was elected President, he was a professor of literature and mathematics. Garfield was a genius and despite growing up in poverty he was able to attend public school. He was an excellent speaker too.
His IQ is 152.3, which puts him in the top 10 of the most intelligent presidents.
8. Theodore Roosevelt 153
Term of office from 14 September 1901 to 4 March 1909: Republican
A former chief of police in New York, an officer in the Rough Riders at the battle of San Juan in Cuba, and McKinley’s vice-president, he succeeded McKinley after his assassination, becoming the youngest American president at the age of 42, and was then elected in his turn in 1904. He applied a progressive and social policy (anti-trust policy against big corporations) and extended presidential and federal prerogatives. Theodore Roosevelt is one of the four Presidents who appear on RushMore. His IQ of 153 indicates that he was a genius, and he used his talent very well.
7. John Adams 155
Mandate from 4 March 1797 to 4 March 1801: federalist
John Adams was the second President of the United States. He was one of the most intelligent presidents in history. Vice President of George Washington, he was elected by 72 votes to 68 against Thomas Jefferson who became his Vice President. His presidency was notably marked by the opposition between the Federalists (John Adams) and the Republican-Democrats (Thomas Jefferson). He was also a writer and was the leader of the American revolution which made the United States independent from Great Britain. 1800 was the first president to reside in the White House in Washington, which became the federal capital. He died on July 4, 1826, which was America’s Independence Day, the same day as Thomas Jefferson. He had a very high IQ, 155.
6. Woodrow Wilson 155,2
Term of office from 4 March 1913 to 4 March 1921: Democrat
A former president of Princeton University, he was elected with 41% of the vote thanks to a split in the Republicans and the dissident candidacy of Theodore Roosevelt, then re-elected in 1916 with a majority of 600,000 votes and 23 electors against his Republican rival. Under his mandate, the members of the United States Senate were for the first time elected by universal suffrage and no longer appointed by the state legislatures (1914). Despite his pacifism, he involved the United States in the First World War. He was the father of the League of Nations but, paradoxically, did not succeed in getting the United States to join. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919. In 1920, he granted women the right to vote.
5. Jimmy Carter 156,8
mandate from 20 January 1977 to 20 January 1981: Republican
After very close elections, the former governor of Georgia broke with the Realpolitik of his predecessors, wanting to emphasise internal economic performance and respect for human rights abroad. His mediation, which led to the signing of the Camp David agreements between Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin, reflected this new orientation based on multilateralism and non-intervention. He also favoured relations with Third World countries. He reached out to Fidel Castro without result. He also suspended military aid to the Somoza regime in Nicaragua and, when the latter fell, favoured the formation of a government including the Sandinistas. But the latter’s seizure of all power and their rapprochement with Cuba was a humiliation for American diplomacy. In the Middle East, he disavowed the Shah of Iran, but found himself at odds with a hostile Islamic regime, leading to the Iranian hostage crisis. Finally, the failure of the USSR to comply with the SALT agreement and the invasion of Afghanistan by Soviet troops, leading him to boycott the Moscow Olympics and to cut off food exports to the USSR, undermined his foreign policy, while American economic hegemony was challenged by Japan. In 1980, soaring inflation and rising fuel prices at the pump, unemployment and his disastrous international policy, especially in Iran, all contributed to his being denied a second term.
4 . Bill Clinton 159
Term of office from 20 January 1993 to 20 January 2001: Democrat
Former Governor of Arkansas. Elected in 1992 with a relative majority of the votes, his promise to reform the health and medical coverage system met with hostility from Congress and ended in failure, partly because of its complexity and institutional aspect. His first term was also marked by the Oslo Accords (Washington Accords signed on 13 September 1993), the intervention of the US army in Haiti. Clinton was re-elected in 1996. During his second term, political scandals were revealed such as Whitewater, travelgate, the scandal of the financing of his presidential campaign and others linked to private affairs (bimbogate): Gennifer Flowers, Paula Jones, Kathleen Willey, Monica Lewinsky, etc. Following the Lewinsky affair, he was the subject of impeachment proceedings before Congress, which succeeded, making him the second American president to be impeached. But again, the Senate did not find a 2/3 majority to impeach him. His second term was also marked by the attacks on the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, the Desert Fox operation in Iraq at the end of 1998 (without a UN mandate), the intervention of NATO troops in the Kosovo war. During his term of office, the United States enjoyed an economic boom marked by a budget surplus and an unemployment rate at its lowest in 30 years.
Bill Clinton is one of the most gifted American presidents with an IQ of 159.
3. John F. Kennedy 159,8
term of office from 20 January 1961 to 22 November 1963: Democrat
A former representative and senator from Massachusetts, he was elected against the incumbent vice president Richard Nixon. The first Catholic president, he was also the youngest elected president of the United States. His term in office began with the New Frontier speech and was marked internationally by the Bay of Pigs landing (1961), the Cuban missile crisis (1962), the creation of the Peace Corps and the doubling of the number of ISBM Polaris. Domestically, he launched the Apollo programme and began the process of legislative abolition of racial segregation in the Southern states, which was opposed by Southern Democrats in Congress. He was assassinated on 22 November 1963 in Dallas, at the age of 46; his assassination (attributed by the Warren Commission to Lee Harvey Oswald) remains in the 21st century the subject of hypothesis and controversy. He is the most charismatic and internationally respected American president.
2. James Madison 160
Term of office from 4 March 1809 to 4 March 1817: Republican-Democrat.
One of the framers of the Constitution, Secretary of State under Jefferson, he was elected in 1808 partly on his diplomatic skill at a time when France and the UK were ready to wage war on the US. He was re-elected in 1812 against the dissident Republican candidate DeWitt Clinton while the country was at war with the United Kingdom, a war that lasted from 1812 to 1814, ending in a status quo ante bellum.
He died a few hours after his colleague and friend, John Adams, on 4 July 1826. His IQ was equal to that of James Madison.
1. John Quincy Adams 175
Mandate from 4 March 1825 to 4 March 1829: Republican-Democrat, National-Republican.
Son of the second president, John Adams, he was elected by Congress (no candidate had obtained an absolute majority) against Andrew Jackson, then failed against the latter in 1828. He was a staunch opponent of black slavery.
He had been immersed in politics since childhood, thanks to his father. John Quincy Adams spoke six languages from the age of 14: French, Italian, German, Latin, English and Russian. This enabled him to work as an interpreter at an early age, accompanying his father. He graduated with a Master of Laws degree. John Quincy Adams is known for his opposition to the slavery issue. His IQ of 175 puts him at the top of the podium of the most intelligent President of the United States of America in history.