The links between volcanoes and climate change
But also, high-altitude volcanoes could be affected by climate change, especially if their ice caps melt, says Tamsin Mather, professor of Earth Sciences at Oxford University. “If the ice caps contain volcanic structures, their disappearance could create instability and lead to events such as volcanic landslides.”
Volcanic eruptions can cause other health threats, such as flooding, mudslides, power outages, contamination of drinking water, and forest fires. Health problems after a volcanic eruption include infectious diseases, respiratory illnesses, burns, fall injuries, and vehicle accidents related to slippery and foggy conditions caused by ash.
However, when warnings are heeded, the risk of adverse health effects from a volcanic eruption is very low.